One group of participants is called the head delegates and they will be responsible for setting up the secret negotiation goals. These negotiation goals will clarify negotiation positions and can be rediscussed within the team at the beginning of the simulation week.
Besides the head delegate, every country consists of 4 more delegates, each of them will be present in one specific committee and negotiate in the interest of their respective country. So, every delegate is equally important and the interaction among each other is most essential. You will have full responsibility for your country’s position in the committee you are present in, your goal is then to negotiate in the interest of your country and when the situations allow it, to further negotiate in the interest of the general public.
The Model WTO has three arenas which can be used to achieve negotiation goals:
- The negotiation rounds involving all countries,
- Country meetings in which delegates from each country meet regularly to discuss the development in the specific committees,
- Individual delegations which meet unofficially with other countries to form coalitions to better pursue their goals.